Joint press release by Charité and MDC
Pediatric oncologist Prof. Dr. Anton Henssen, from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin and Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association (MDC), and a group of researchers from the US and the UK have won funding for a Cancer Grand Challenge. The international team will receive almost €24 million to research the role that ring-shaped strands of DNA play in the development of cancer, and how to fight them. More than one million of that will be available to the Berlin team led by Prof. Henssen.
In 2014, Prof. Henssen discovered something unusual in the cells of pediatric cancer patients: small rings of DNA, which meant that part of the genetic information was no longer packaged in the chromosomes as normal. It was very clear that the rings disturbed the rest of the genome so much that the children’s cells began to mutate. Once he had made the discovery, Prof. Henssen (36) couldn’t stop thinking about it. A researcher and physician, Prof. Henssen has been leading the Emmy Noether Research Group “Genomic Instability in Pediatric Cancer” at the Experimental and Clinical Research Center (ECRC), a joint institution of Charité and MDC, since 2019.
“When I began getting interested in the circular DNA and its role in the development of cancer, I was pretty much on my own,” says Prof. Henssen. In addition to his research work, he also treats young cancer patients at the Department of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology at Charité. The field is now attracting more scientific interest, he says. Prof. Henssen and his project, CancerCirculome, have been receiving support for roughly two years now, thanks to a Starting Grant from the European Research Council (ERC).
The funding initiative Cancer Grand Challenges, which was founded in 2020 by the two largest funders of cancer research worldwide (Cancer Research UK and the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health in the US), is also aware of the possibly underestimated role of the tiny DNA rings. It chose the topic of extrachromosomal DNA, or ecDNA for short, as one of the nine challenges in its latest funding round. Cancer Grand Challenges currently supports more than 700 researchers and advocates across 10 countries. 11 teams are already supported to take on the toughest challenges in cancer research – on 16 June, 4 new teams were announced.
“When I saw that, I knew I wanted to participate in the challenge,” says Prof. Henssen, who on June 1 began a Mildred Scheel Professorship funded by German Cancer Aid at Charité. He explains that just a handful of groups are working on ecDNA worldwide. Now the team he is part of – which brings together researchers from the US, the UK, and Germany and is led by Professor Paul Mischel of Stanford Medicine in California – has won funding from Cancer Grand Challenges for its project entitled eDyNAmiC (extrachromosomal DNA in Cancer). The team will receive £20 million over the next five years. Roughly one million of that will be available to Prof. Henssen and his team in Berlin. Prof. Henssen says scientists now know that nearly a third of all childhood and adult tumors have DNA rings in their cells and that these tumors are almost always highly aggressive: “Now we want to find out what exactly makes the rings so dangerous, how they form, and how we can slow them down – so that we can develop more effective therapies.” Biologists and physicians aren’t the only ones tackling this challenge in the project team; mathematicians and computer scientists are also involved.
Prof. Henssen and his Berlin team, which also includes researchers from the Berlin Institute of Health at Charité (BIH), plan to start by looking at the structure of the rings in more detail to find out how their DNA is packaged in histones and other proteins, and how their gene expression is regulated. “It’s possible that changes in gene expression mean the rings help the tumors become resistant to existing therapies,” he says. It’s not surprising that Prof. Henssen is delighted to see his once “niche” topic garnering such attention and support: “It’s the best thing that could have happened, as far as I’m concerned.” He now hopes that it won’t be too long before he can help his young patients – who have their whole lives ahead of them – with a novel therapy that attacks the rings and cause the fatal tumors to disappear.
About Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin is one of the largest university hospitals in Europe, boasting 3,099 beds and approximately 100 departments and institutes spread across 4 separate campuses. At Charité, the areas of research, teaching and medical care are closely interlinked. With a total of 20,921 members of staff employed across its group of companies (17,615 of which at Charité), the organization is one of the largest employers in Berlin. 5,047 of its employees work in the field of nursing, with a further 4,988 in research and medical care. Last year, Charité treated 123,793 in- and day case patients, in addition to 682,731 outpatients. In 2021, Charité recorded a turnover of approximately € 2.3 billion (including external funding and investment grants) and set a new record by securing more than € 215.8 million in external funding. Charité’s Medical Faculty is one of the largest in Germany, educating and training more than 9,000 students across the subjects of medicine, dentistry, health sciences and nursing. Charité also offers 730 training positions across 11 different health care professions, in addition to 111 training positions in a further 8 professions. Within the field of academic medicine, Charité’s priorities are highlighted by its main areas of research focus: infection; inflammation and immunity including COVID-19 research; cardiovascular research and metabolism; neuroscience; oncology; regenerative therapies; and rare diseases and genetics. Examples of the work conducted by Charité researchers include involvement in 28 DFG Collaborative Research Centers (of which seven are led by Charité), three Clusters of Excellence (of which one is led by Charité), 10 Emmy Noether Independent Junior Research Groups, 14 European Research Council grants and 8 European collaborative projects (coordinated by Charité).
Research at Charité
Announcement of Cancer Grand Challenges
Henssen Lab at the ECRC
The DNA artist – a portrait of Anton Henssen
Prof. Henssen honored with Berlin science award (MDC press release, 22.7.2021)
In pursuit of the origin and role of ecDNA (press release announcing ERC Starting Grant, 3.9.2020)
Prof. Dr. Anton Henssen
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Oncology and Hematology
Experimental and Clinical Research Center (ECRC)
Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Tel: +49 30 450 540 395
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