DRKS00017811General Short Description
Acute symptomatic seizures are symptoms of an acute disturbance of the brain which can result directly from a damage to the brain itself (e.g, traumatic brain injury) or indirectly from conditions that affect the whole organism (e.g, hypoglycaemia). Depending on the individual situation, it may be reasonable to apply or not to apply drugs which lower the risk of further seizures ("antiseizure medication") for a short period of time (i.e, during the "acute phase"). As the risk of subsequent unprovoked seizures is low (10-years risk: <20%), a long-term antiseizure drug therapy is usually not necessary.
However, until now, evidence on the risk of subsequent unprovoked seizures is limited, and relevant data were acquired several decades ago. With the aid of the PROSE register, we aim at, firstly, determining the risk of seizure relapse after an acute symptomatic first seizure that were treated according to current clinical guidelines. Secondly, we aim at identifying clinical variables associated with a higher or lower risk of seizure relapse. The results of the PROSE register will help clinicians in the future to give tailored therapeutic recommendations to their patients affected by acute symptomatic epileptic seizures.
Acute symptomatic seizures (ASS) are symptoms of an acute disturbance of brain function. Following an operational definition, ASS occur in close temporal relationship to specific types of acute brain injury or systemic conditions (Beghi et al, Epilepsia 2010). ASS are a particularly frequent phenomenon in neurological and neurosurgical intensive care medicine. According to a significant study published in 2009 (Hesdorffer et al, Epilepsia), the cumulative 10-years risk of unprovoked seizure relapse after an acute symptomatic seizure is 19% (12-months risk: 13%).
Following this finding, current clinical guidelines recommend to treat acute symptomatic seizures with antiseizure drugs for a short time only (during the "acute phase") or not at all (see AWMF S1 guideline on first epileptic seizures and epilepsy in adults, 2017, or ESO guideline, European Stroke Journal 2017).
However, evidence for this recommendation is low as it is mainly based on the study mentioned above. Patients included in that study had their index seizures between 1955 and 1984, and it remains unclear as to whether and at what time they were treated with antiseizure drugs. Clinical experience shows that patients with ASS are frequently treated far longer than clinically necessary (Vorderwülbecke et al, J Neurol 2018).
The PROSE register aims at following up on patients with ASS but without long-term antiseizure medication. The expected results of the study shall demonstrate that (or: in which cases) antiseizure drugs can be discontinued safely before a patient is discharged from the intensive care unit, without a relevant risk of unprovoked seizure relapse.
Most ASS result from a structural cause (Beleza, Neurologist 2012), and the risk of seizure relapse in patients with ASS due to structural brain lesions is of special interest for many neurologists. Therefore, the PROSE register especially focuses on the subgroup of ASS with structural aetiology.
Participants will be followed up for at least 12 months to verify or falsify the following primary hypothesis: After an acute symptomatic first epileptic seizure of structural aetiology (e.g, cerebrovascular, traumatic), the 12-months risk for unprovoked seizure relapse is not higher than 25%, even if patients were not treated with antiseizure drugs or treated for a short period only.
The secondary hypothesis reads: Acute symptomatic first seizures due to structural CNS lesions have a higher risk for unprovoked seizure relapse than acute symptomatic first seizures due to another aetiology (e.g, metabolic).
This study is coordinated by the research group on Clinical and Experimental Epileptology at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and is conducted as a multicentre study within the IGNITE! study network (Initiative of German Neuro-Intensive Trial Engagement).
Investigated Disease, Health IssueICD-Code
- G40.5 - Spezielle epileptische Syndrome
acute symptomatic seizures
18 - 199Gender
AllAdditional Inclusion Criteria
Subjects with a first acute symptomatic seizure
ContactContact for Study Participants
Contact for Scientific Inquiries
Dr. med. Julia Nichtweiß
Dr. med. Julia Nichtweiß